Prosthetic Hip Loosening Due to Brucellar Infection: Case Report and Literature Review
Keywords:Total hip arthroplasty, Prosthetic joint infection, Brucellosis.
Brucellosis is actually considered to be the commonest zoonotic infection worldwide; conversely prosthetic infection due to brucella is extremely rare. Although diagnostic is easily achieved, management of such situations is extremely challenging.
To report the case of prosthetic hip loosening due to brucellar infection, discuss management manners and to summarize data about 19 cases reported in the literature.
We report the case of a 73-year-old woman with brucellar prosthetic hip loosening treated with 2-stage exchange of the prosthesis and prolonged double antibiotherapy
At two years follow up the patient is pain free with total functional recovery and no clinical and radiographic signs of prosthetic loosening
Brucella should be evocated as a cause of total joint arthroplasty infection especially in patients from endemic regions and with occupational exposure. Antibiotic treatment alone can be followed if there are no signs of implant loosening. Tow stage revision should be considered in other cases.
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Copyright (c) 2016 Anis Tebourbi, Khaled Hadhri, Mohamed Ben Salah, Ramzi Bouzidi, Mondher Kooli
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