Simultaneous Bilateral Direct Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty Utilizing a Modular Neck-Sparing Arthroplasty Femoral Stem - Case Report and Literature Review

  • Lee Rubin, MD
  • John Tuttle, MD
  • Scott Ritterman, MD

Abstract

Total hip arthroplasty for the management of bilateral hip osteoarthritis has been described in the literature since the 1970’s, utilizing either a simultaneous (single anesthetic) or staged (multiple anesthetics) technique. Utilization of a direct anterior approach to the hip joint allows for simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty, without the need for re-positioning or re-draping the patient during the operation. The procedure is performed in a sequential fashion focused on a single side, with completion of the procedure before immediately proceeding to the contralateral side. 

The use of femoral-neck sparing arthroplasty design spans greater than 30 years,1 with a focus on preservation of proximal bone stock for younger, active patients who are undergoing arthroplasty at a young age and may need future revision surgery. Success rates reported by Dr. Pipino in his series included 97% satisfactory radiographic results, and an implant survival rate of almost 100% at 25 years. 

The modern, press-fit, modular neck-sparing arthroplasty design has been available in the United States and Australia for nearly 3 years, and enables the surgeon to perform intraoperative customization of the hip biomechanics for each case. Additionally, the standard 12/14mm trunnion allows the surgeon to choose the femoral head and bearing material, allowing options for metal on polyethylene, ceramic on ceramic, ceramic on poly, or ceramic on metal couples, in order to help avoid the use of metal on metal couples that have demonstrated higher complication rates in the recent literature.

To the best of our knowledge, we present the world’s first case report of a simultaneous, bilateral, direct anterior total hip arthroplasty utilizing a modular neck-sparing arthroplasty femoral stem design.

References

Pipino F, Keller A. Tissue-sparing surgery: 25 years’ experience with femoral neck preserving hip arthroplasty. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. 7(1): 36-41, 2006.

Ritter MA, Randolph JC. Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Simultaneous Procedure. Acta Orthopaedica. 47(2): 203-08, 1976.

Ritter MA, Stringer E. Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Single Procedure. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 149: 185-90, 1980.

Salvati EA, Hughes P, Lachiewicz PJ. Bilateral total hip-replacement arthroplasty in one stage. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Am. 60(5): 640-4, 1978.

Eggli S, Huckell CB, Ganz R. Bilateral total hip arthroplasty: one stage versus two stage procedure. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. 328: 108-18, 1996.

Alfaro-Adrian J, Bayona F, Rech JA, Murray DW. One- or two- stage bilateral total hip replacement. The Journal of Arthroplasty. 14(4); 439-45, 1999.

Berend ME, Ritter MA, Harty LD, et al. Simultaneous Bilateral Versus Unilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty:An Outcomes Analysis. Journal of Arthroplasty. 22(6s): 111-15, 2007.

Berend KR, Lombardi AV, Adams JB. Simultaneous vs staged cementless bilateral total hip arthroplasty: Perioperative risk comparison. The Journal of Arthroplasty. 22(6s): 111-15, 2007.

Schwarzkopf R, Oliverieri P, Jaffe WL. Simultaneous Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty With Hydroxyapatite-Coated Implants: A 20-Year Follow-Up. Journal of Arthroplasty. Article in press, available online July 2012.

Published
2012-08-31
How to Cite
Rubin, MD, L., Tuttle, MD, J., & Ritterman, MD, S. (2012). Simultaneous Bilateral Direct Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty Utilizing a Modular Neck-Sparing Arthroplasty Femoral Stem - Case Report and Literature Review. Reconstructive Review - Open Access Orthopaedic Journal of Reconstructive Arthroplasty, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.15438/rr.v2i2.17
Section
Case Report